How does laser scar reduction work?
Scars are a very common type of skin changes. They may result from surgical treatments, scalding, injuries or inflammation. Scar reduction is very difficult. The best results can be achieved in the initial phase of the changes. Nevertheless, it is not possible to remove an existing scar completely. Palomar StarLux 500 with a fractional handpiece Lux1540 can be used in order to reduce scars and stretch marks when they are still in the initial phase. The Fractional Laser handpiece is the first to have been granted FDA (Food And Drug Administration) certificate which guarantees high efficiency in reducing stretch marks and scars.
Within one impulse fractional laser emits numerous microbeams which create narrow, deep columns of tissue coagulation that penetrate well below the epidermis and into the dermis. The laser impulses deliver light in an array of high precision microbeams which produce micro damage on the treated surface. The damage is intentional as it initiates a natural healing process that stimulates the formation of new skin. Each microbeam of the skin damaged with the laser is surrounded with healthy tissue which start intensive multiplication. At this point, new healing processes start to fill in the damaged treatment areas.
The aim of non-ablative laser is to damage the skin in and around the scar or stretch mark intentionally, in a planned and predictable manner. As a result the skin is stimulated to regenerate the planned damage which eventually results in a new, improved structure of the tissue.
Do I need local anaesthetic?
The procedure does not usually require the use of anaesthetic. We advise that the area is cooled just before and after the treatment which brings discomfort and pain to minimum.
Who is the treatment for?
The procedure is designed for people who wish to remove scars in the initial phase that may result from surgical treatments, scalding, injuries or inflammation. The treatment can be performed on any part of the body, the most common, however are the face, décolletage and hands.
What are the results?
During the treatment the laser damages the impaired tissue and stimulates it to regenerate the planned damage which eventually results in a new, improved structure of the tissue. The laser emits numerous microbeams which penetrate well below the epidermis and into the dermis to reduce scars and stretch marks. As a result the skin is stimulated to regenerate the damage which results in a new, improved structure of the tissue. Scars become flat and they are diminished. The result is a smoother, clearer and more youthful appearance to your skin.
When do I see the final results of the treatment?
It is usually not until 7 days before skin heals after the treatment. However, it is too early to expect the final results at this point as it usually takes several weeks before scars are diminished and the skin regenerating processes are terminated. Another similar treatment which is done 4-6 weeks after the first treatment helps to stimulate skin for even more intensive regeneration.
How many treatments do I need to see satisfactory results?
The number of treatments, each performed every 2-4 weeks, vary from 3 to 6, depending on how long the patient has had the scar, its size, the quality of patient’s skin and their age. Small scars on firm skin which are relatively recent can be reduced after only 3 sessions while more mature scars may require as many as 6 sessions.
How long do I see the results of the treatment?
The outcome of the treatments, which is better, healthy looking skin, is long lasting. However, we should remember that there may appear new changes as the treatment does not stop the aging processes that our skin undergoes. With time skin loses its firmness and becomes lax which may expose existing scars, stretch marks and other skin imperfections.
How often do I need to repeat the treatment?
First sessions, which do not normally guarantee immediate results, should be repeated every 4 weeks, the following sessions should be repeated every 2 weeks. After a series of sessions which considerably improve the condition of the skin, the procedure will not have to be repeated until a few years later.
How do I look just after the treatment?
Lux 1540 handpiece uses laser light to reach deeply into the skin’s sub-layers so there are no apparent uncomfortable changes on the skin surface which need to be healed. Shortly after the treatment you should expect the skin to be a little swollen, red and burning so soothing gel and cool compress are applied to bring discomfort to minimum. 2-3 days later swelling and redness resolve and the skin becomes rough and a little darkened. This old skin will now be peeled off within the next 4-5 days. Skin regeneration after the treatment is a continuous process which takes a few weeks before new fresh and smooth skin is finally revealed.
Before the treatment: guidelines
A few days before the treatment patients are advised not to have any kinds of exfoliating treatments such as microdermabrasion or chemical peels. They should not use any creams which contain retinoids, acids or tanning products. It is important not to drink any photosensitive herbs such as St. John's-wort, marigold or horsetail. Patients should make sure they are in good physical condition.
After the treatment: guidelines
The treatment performed with fractional laser Palomar Lux1540 is a fast and simple procedure that’s easy to tolerate and requires little downtime (3-7days). It is important to apply a soothing cream (Cicalfat, Zinalfat, Cicaplast Baume B5, Sensicure) for 7 days a few times a day until the skin surface is fresh and smooth. When the older, damaged tissue is finally removed, you can apply moisturizing and fatty creams (Cetaphil MD, Bariederm, Lipikar AP) and eventually resume your usual skin care practices.
How can I keep the result for longer?
Patients are advised to use high factor sun protection that will protect against both UVA and UVB radiation, products rich in retinol and peptides and balm fatty with oils. Patients are also advised not to suntan, smoke or expose their skin to any irritant chemicals.
The whole range of skin rejuvenating treatments such as medical skin peels and mezotherapy are also highly recommended every 6 or 12 months as they will help to keep the skin moisturized and delay the aging process so that you can enjoy the results of the treatment for longer.
Recommended supplementary treatments
Skin rejuvenating treatments performed with fractional non-ablative laser Palomar Lux1540 can be considered as scar reduction procedures and can be supplemented with other treatments. After the series performed with Palomar handpiece we recommend that our patients follow skin rejuvenating therapy with hyaluronic acid (Juvederm Hydrate, Ialest, Newest) revitalizing cocktails (CytoCare, StretchCare, NCTF, NCTF HA, Plinest, UpGrade, Fixer) or platelet rich plasma injections (Regeneris).
Who can perform treatments?
At Ekoderm all treatments are performed by experienced doctors trained in aesthetic medicine who have been given appropriate certificates.
Prices vary depending on the area treated.